Septic Tank Enzymes and Bacteria

What is all the fuss about Enzymes and Bacteria?

  • Septic tanks and their drain-fields are mini-waste organization systems that work alike to a city’s sewer system. You alone have the charge to maintain the septic systems by properly treating the waste in your septic tank components and correctly maintain them by not consuming a great amount of water or several cleaners and chemicals. Cleaners like septic tank housework solutions, pipe cleaners and extreme amounts of household cleaners should not be discharged into drains and pushed into the septic tank system, which causes serious septic tank problems. These harmful cleaners and disinfectants kill the good bacteria that breakdown and clean the wastewater. Here in lies the biggest problem with all sewage treatment systems for small residential septic tanks to large municipal treatment plants. This sludge is syphon out into the effluent flow undigested, then go into the leach lines or cesspools and clog the pores of the soil so water will not drain out. This is why an outside source of septic tank additives including enzymes and bacteria are needed to increase the rate of digestions, which will liquefy the sludge and treat the wastewater.

    Are Enzymes and Bacteria the same thing?

    Often enzymes and bacteria are confused with one another. They are two different things with different traits and contribute differently to the digestion of sludge and the cleansing of water. Bacteria are living organisms that get nutrition by creating enzymes which they excrete into the environment. The enzymes break down complex compounds in the environment into simple compounds which the bacteria can then absorb and use for energy. No reproduction is capable if either of bacteria or enzymes are not present, they cannot exist without each other.


    Bacteria are single-celled organisms. Bacteria contain all of the genetic material necessary to reproduce, and they reproduce by simple cellular division. Bacteria multiply where enzymes don’t. Bacteria play an extremely important role in recycling nutrients in the environment. Bacteria break down organic matter into simple compounds like carbon dioxide and water, and they cycle important nutrients such as nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus.


    Enzymes are best described as a protein that acts as an organic catalyst. In pure form enzymes are crystalline in structure. Each enzyme is specific in its reaction, i.e. fat splitting enzymes will not split proteins, nor will protein, splitting enzymes split fat. This causes a wide difference in the rate of digestion of different types of sewage. The starches and proteins digest much more rapidly than the fats and greases. The enzyme is responsible for accelerating the rate of a reaction in which various substrates are converted to products through the formation of an enzyme-substrate complex. These by products are then used as a food source for the bacteria.


    Nutrients are just that nutrients or food for the bacteria. These are added to feed the bacteria during the initial period of expansion and transformation from solid graduals’ to liquid form. After the bacteria are in liquid form and have begun multiplying, the bacteria are now activated and from that time forward they have formed enough CFU’s to begin eating, digesting and following the external food sources in their environment – the sludge.

    Powerful Combination

    Bacteria cannot assimilate solid food because they have no digestive tract through which food can enter. In sewage digestion, the solids surrounding the bacteria are split into liquids by the action of enzymes; the resulting solution diffusing through the outer skin of the bacteria is digested throughout the interior cytoplasm. With these conditions in mind, many experiments were carried out to determine the correct balance of enzyme active material to bring about, as nearly as possible, an even digestion of the starch, protein and fat in normal sewage. Multiple enzymes of specific activity desirable for sewage treatments were finally formulated into the “Hycura” product, making it suitable for use by industry, municipalities and private home owners.

    Our septic tank cleaning treatment combines the use of enzymes, bacteria and nutrients that are able to produce the perfect solution for the breakdown and digestion of sludge and removal of other harmful and pathogenic bacteria. This natural septic tank treatment is what many companies that have tried to imitate but are not able to duplicate the same results. It is important to understand that at least 99% of the all Hycura products are comprised of active enzymes, bacterial substances and nutrients. Anaerobic bacterial multiplication is the key function of the product and enables it to reduce large sludge deposits in a short time, whether it be in a digester, lagoon or a septic tank.

    Through vigorous testing it has been found that within a 48 hour lab test Hycura’s environmentally safe products produce an excess of 2 billion colonies per gram. Hycura has anaerobic bacteria counts of up to 6.7 billion colonies. This high level of bacteria multiplication is the key to heavy sludge digestion. Because of the high concentration and industrial grade products that are used in Hycura products, it increases the activity in a septic tank which will produce much higher counts and a faster acting septic tank solution to resolve backed up or clogged septic systems.

    To learn more about Septic Safe Additives used in septic tank cleaning, or for assistance treating, cleaning, and repairing any one of these septic systems and septic tank problems, simply contact the septic solutions experts at Hycura today.

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